PTE | ETR | Coospace

Hungarian Social Review

szerző: Polyák Lilla | 2011. április 12. 15:58:50

szociális szemle

Department of Community and Social Studies:

Hungarian Social Review

 

The Hungarian Social Review (Szociális Szemle) is a scholarly biannual designed to represent the diversity, humane commitment and innovative power of the social professions. One of the important aims of the journal is to serve as a bridge both in space and time. Hungary has long been considered as the boundary between Eastern and Western Europe and this historical tradition has established an advantageous position to promote exchange and dialogue in the fields of social work and social policy.
The Hungarian Social Review provides information on recent national and international developments in policy, practice, research and education relevant to social work. The journal features full-length articles, reviews, interviews and conference reports.
The journal publishes in Hungarian and in English.

Editorial Board:

Prof. Eniko Albert-Lorincz, Ph. D. (Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca)
Prof. habil. Arpad Barath, Ph.D. (University of Pecs)
Marta B. Erdos, Ph. D. (University of Pecs)
Viktoria Borda(University of Pecs)
Julianna Boros (University of Pecs)
Zsuzsanna Brettner (University of Pecs)
Jozsef Csurke, Ph. D. (University of Pecs)
Gabor Flora, Ph. D. (Partium Christian University, Oradea)
Gabor Juhasz, Ph. D.
Dr. habil. Gabor Kelemen, Ph. D. (University of Pecs)
Jozsef Madacsy (University of Pecs)
Nikoletta Mandi (University of Pecs)
Prof. Michael Seltzer, Ph. D. (University of Oslo, Norvégia)
Daniel Molnar (University of Pecs)
Dr. Margit Molnar, CSc(University of Pecs)
Gyorgyi Szilagyi, Ph. D. (Partium Christian University, Oradea),
Dr. Gabor Szollosi, Ph. D. (University of Pecs)
Prof. Tomi Gomory, Ph. D. (Florida State University, United States)

Hungarian Social Review 2010/1.

 

SCIENCE AND SOCIAL WORK

ÁRPÁD BARÁTH

Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pécs
Abstract

The aim of the paper is to highlight a number of questions, along which many critics question the status and role of social work in the realms of social sciences in Hungary. The article draws the readers’ attention to the scientific theoretical criteria which make critical evaluation possible. To what extent the knowledge base, research methods and the practice of this profession qualify for the standards of scientific method that are universal and represent basic requirements both in natural and human sciences? The author stresses the fact that social workers can prove the accountability of their academic training and professional practice only by a joint effort in making their specific disciplinary knowledge base transparent and building it upon a scientific method.

Key words: scientific theory, social work, research, scientific writing.

INTERPRETING LIFE-WORLD IN THE CONTEXT OF A REHABILITATION CENTRE FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSERS

MÁNDI NIKOLETTA

Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pécs
Abstract

The aim of the current paper is to outline a conceptual framework as a theoretical tool to explore the life-world of drug-dependent persons in recovery. The author, as a participant observer, has been studying the life and work of a Hungarian rehabilitation centre (Mérföldkő, Kovácsszénája) for several months, and shares her initial experiences and conceptualizations with the readers.

Keywords: rehabilitation – life-world – social constructivism – narrative – participant observation.

EVALUATION IN THE SOCIAL SECTOR: THE TRIDENT

B. ERDŐS MÁRTA

Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pécs
Abstract

Evaluation is inevitable in implementing social projects. It is a fundamental process in project planning and program adaptation. By identifying core components of the project, evaluation helps in replicating successful and effective models. Therefore, evaluation can promote society-level consensus over social issues. Evaluation in the social field demands special research skills. Action research based on community participation is an important method in evaluating community development programs but independent studies are needed where the emphasis is more on social planning. The author gives a detailed review on the Trident model developed by Roger Ellis and Elaine Hogard.

Keywords: Evaluation – Trident – evidence-based social work – dialogic approach – critical thinking.

AN EMPIRIC STUDY ON THE LIFE OF THE “INHABITANTS” OF THE PELLÉRD VINEYARD. RESEARCH REPORT

MOLNÁR DÁNIEL

Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pécs

Abstract

An emerging new problem has been identified by the agencies and organizations providing care for homeless individuals and families in Pécs, Hungary, and its environment. Under the pre 1989 former state socialist regime most of the population lived in large blocks of flats but were also allowed to purchase small parcels (usually 500-1,000 m2 in size). Such parcels are still available for relatively low purchase prices in less prestigious areas. Some families, in order to cope with family members who are experiencing mental health or chemical dependency issues purchase such parcels that often contain very primitive shelters (i.e. huts) clearly not intended as permanent housing and move the troubled family member there. These out of the way parcels do not have access to regular city services and needed social services cannot easily reach potential clients in trouble. Due to the difficulty of rapidly responding to the needs of this segment of our population many show up after some years in far worse physical and emotional conditions seeking help from our local Pecs homeless system of care. Based on the analysis we recommend that in order to reduce the burden of treating very seriously neglected persons through our already burdened homeless system of care a social worker be assigned to provide regular (weekly) outreach and preventive care for the persons in such circumstances. We also suggest that targeted community development efforts may help ameliorate the problem.

Keywords: locations not meant for permanent housing, chemical addiction, mental health, social policy, homeless services, empirical research.

PSYCHOSOCIAL VULNERABILITY AND POTENTIAL POSTTRAUMATIC SYMPTOMS FORMATION IN ADOLESCENTS IN PEACETIME AND DURING WARFARE

BARÁTH ÁRPÁD

Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pécs

Abstract

The article presents the main results of a trauma survey conducted with two comparable samples of adolescents (age range 11-17 years): One of the samples (N=172) were children surveyed in Croatia during warfare (’95 survey), and the other was consisted of children (N=282) attending elementary schools at Pécs and surrounding cities. Both groups were investigated by the same self-administered questionnaire for reporting traumatic life in own life, and for self-assessment of mental well-being in the past two weeks in a series of symptoms scales (PTSD-12 Questionnaire, Baráth 1996). The results unequivocally revealed the fact that in both samples one can find a fair number of children with high-scoring vulnerability (prevalence rates 20% in Hungarian, and 37% in Croatian sample), in spite of the fact that Hungarian adolescents reported far less traumatic events in their lives than the children during the war in Croatia.

Key words: adolescents, psychological trauma, social work

MALENKI ROBOT (FORCED LABOUR) IN THE HISTORY AND HISTORICAL MEMORY OF THE HUNGARIAN GERMAN NATIONAL MINORITY

SINGER ZSUZSA

Family Counselling and Child Protecttion Center, Óbuda

Abstract

The current paper is a summary of the author’s thesis work on the Hungarian German malenki robot survivors’ traumatic experiences. Hungarian German national communities were dragged off to the Soviet Union to live and work in the Stalinian labor camps after World War II, practically as slaves. Captivity was based on the assumption of collective sin of the German people. The author conducted qualitative interviews with 13 survivors who had lived in Békés County, Hungary, and returned there when they were released from the camps. The historical traumas of the German national communities – contrary to those of the holocaust survivors – remained silent stories and the victims have not received any professional support. Therefore the trans-generational impacts of their trauma have not been studied so far. It can be hypothesized that the trans-generational trauma is present in these communities as in any other groups who were victims of genocide. Social work as a culturally and socially sensitive discipline may have a major role in finding and mobilizing the resources that help reconciliation.

Keywords: Malenki robot – historical memory – German national communities – social work

COMMUNITY PROJECTS OF PECS, EUROPEAN CAPITAL OF CULTURE IN 2010.

KNYIHÁR ÉVA

Pécs2010 Management Center
Abstract

With Istanbul (Turkey) and the Ruhr-region (Germany) Pécs is one of the European Capitals of Culture in 2010. Many of the cultural programmes convey the messages of community development: the special experiences of community participation and joint actions, and the reconstructive power inherent in collaboration and co-evolution. ECoC projects are a special opportunity for university students to participate in community development programmes.

Department of Social Work and Social Policy:

Hungarian Social Review 2009/1-2.

 

THE GRIEF, LOSS, AND COPING ASSOCIATED WITH CHRONIC ILLNESS

JOAN M. BORST
School of Social Work, Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, Michigan

Abstract

The epidemic of chronic illness in societycompletelychanges how health care systems deliver services and this has considerable implications for social workers (Auslander & Freedenthal, 2006). Patients and caregivers livingwith the grief, and loss associated with chronic illness, relyon health care social workers for biopsychosocial support.

The consequences for social work education include the need to teach and learn about the bereavement issues associated with a chronic illness diagnosis. Professional practice requires familiaritywith the psychosocial issues related to chronic illnesses and preparation to interact with patients, families, caregivers, and the health care team. Beinginformed about chronic illnesses calls for social workers to know as much about a chronic condition as the well-informed patient livingwith the diagnosis and to recognize how biological changes influence psychological and social changes.

Keywords:social work – biopsychosocial – chronic illness – grief – health care

ASSERTIVE COMMUNITY TREATMENT: A CRITICAL UPDATE

TOMI GOMORY
Florida State University College of Social Work

Abstract
Assertive CommunityTreatment (ACT) has been identified in the United States as one of onlysix evidence-based practices for the severelymentallyill byfederal, private foundation, and academic mental health experts and is beingrapidlyimplemented throughout the world. This article reexamines the research of the inventors of ACT(the Madison Wisconsin ACTgroup) regardingtwo of their claims. First, that ACTreduces homelessness, and second, that it also reduces penal stays, outcomes which have been keyempirical claims for the National Alliance of the Mentally Ill’s proactive and very successful public relations campaign to institutionalize ACT across the US. The Madison Wisconsin ACT group makes these assertions in the longest study(at least 14-years) ever done on this treatment model. The analysis concludes that there is no ACTspecific clinical effect in these domains. The implications of these findings are also discussed.

Keywords:mental disorders – Assertive CommunityTreatment – evidence-based practice – critical analysis – critical thinking 

MILESTONES IN THE HISTORY OF SOCIAL POLICY IN HUNGARY

MARGIT MOLNÁR
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pécs
Abstract
The author presents the results of her recent studyon the historyof social policyin Hungarywith the purpose of encouraging comparative studies. The paper addresses legal issues of the early Hungarian state as well as social care activities of the church. Both the legal system of the state and the church system were rooted in the traditions of previous tribal-clanship society. According to the author, our present-day social values are a direct legacy of our ancestors.

Keywords:social policy– care – tradition as resource – solidarity

SELF-HELP AND MUTUAL PEER SUPPORT FOR HELPERS IN DIFFICULT SITUATIONS AND STRESSFUL WORK ENVIRONMENTS
BARÁTH ÁRPÁD

BRETTNER ZSUZSANNA

MUCSI GEORGINA
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pécs

Abstract
The article provides a comprehensive overview of the most important risk factors threateningthe mental health and personal integrityof both the voluntaryand professional helpers workingin emergencyservices and/or in permanentlystressful work environments. The authors describe and make recommendations for effective use of certain self-help and mutual aid techniques in the everyday practice of helping. These techniques, with the exception of supervision, have rarelyif ever been addressed in the domestic scientific literature; and even less often have been referred to as standards in the base-line trainingof social workers and other professional helpers.

Keywords:jobstress – burn-out – helfer-syndrome – self-help – peers support – social work

NETWORK BEYOND BORDERS: THE HUNGARIAN-ROMANIAN FRONTIER SOCIAL POLICY FORUM
FLÓRA GÁBOR – SZÉKEDI LEVENTE

Patrium Christian University, Nagyvárad, Romania

Abstract

The foundation of the Hungarian-Romanian Frontier Social Policy Forum is a response to the urgent need to realize a regional, transboundary research perspective in the Bihar-Hajdú-Bihar Euroregion. As a result of the European integration process affecting both Romania and Hungary, economic and social problems in the area interact more and more, consequently, theycan onlybe treated within a regional framework. The Regional Resource Centre Services as non-profit public benefit companies and academic and research institutions as regional think tanks have a leading role in strengthening transboundary NGO and self-governmental cooperation.

Keywords:transboundarycooperation – social policy– Euroregion – multisectorial collaboration

THE ROLE OF HUMAN RESEARCH AND HUMAN INNOVATIONS IN IMPROVING ORGANIZATIONAL EFFICIENCY

GÁBOR JUHÁSZ

GÁBOR KEMÉNY**

KATALIN SZENDRŐ**
* Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pécs

** Human Exchange Foundation

Abstract
The main goal of human research and development is to transform the internal conditions of the enterprises through planning and implementation of organization and personnel development interventions in order to improve efficiency, effectiveness, performance and competitive power. In the framework of cooperation ensured bythe Human Exchange Human Resource Development and Consultant Foundation, we have been conducting social and human research and development projects on behalf of various Hungarian companies, enterprises, civil/non-profit and budgetaryorganizations for ten years. In our experience, human innovation in organizations maysignificantlyimprove the efficiencyof the organizations.

Keywords:human research – innovation – organizational development – non-profit sector

AN INTERVIEW WITH ROBERT LEFEVER

BY JÓZSEF MADÁCSY
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pécs


Dr Robert Lefever is a general practitioner, founder and leader of the Promis RecoveryCentre, which is a famous rehabilitation institute for addicted people. Promis is not part of the British health care system funded byNational Health Service, but works in the private sector with several units all around the world. Theyprovide a special kind of drug-free treatment, known as the Anonymous Fellowships’ 12-step method. The results are convincing, seeingthat the abstinence rate is 35.19% after one year of finishingthe treatment, accordingto the Follow-up StudyApril 2006 of Promis.

Dr Lefever is byno means unknown for the Hungarian experts:his books, papers, work-books and lectures given in Hungaryhave had a significant effect on the Hungarian therapeutic communities applyingthe 12-step method. Some of the main topics of this interview include the philosophyof Promis and Dr Lefever’s opinion of the British health care policy. Readinghis liberal views, accordingto which not state-controlled paternalism, but individual responsibilityis needed in the treatment of addiction, we find ourselves in the verycentre of the contemporarydebates on the welfare state.

This interview was recorded in March 2008 in the Promis clinic in Nonington, UK, where I stayed as a participant observer, thanks to Dr Lefever’s generous hospitality.

April 2008, Pécs

The interview was made with the support of the HU/06/EX/452 Leonardo Mobility and the K68619 OTKA applications.

Content of the first volume, 2008:

ON MENTAL HEALTH PREVENTION: HELATH LEARNING FORM A MULTIDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE
JOZSEF CSURKE
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humnaities, University of Pecs

Abstract
By reviewing major developments in the diversity of disciplines related to mental health in the field of social studies and helping professions, the author presents a comparative analysis in the current article. He determines the multi- and interdisciplinary domain in which efforts and practices of mental health promotion are realized by identifying historical roots, analyzing conceptual frameworks as well as various national and international institutions representing a multitude of mental health activities. Historical paradigms of mental health - positive mental health and positive psychology, health promotion and health learning - describe the major factors in mental health in the decision making and intervention processes of social policy.

Keywords: social sciences - mental health - mental health promotion - health learning

LISTENING TO AND OBSERVING WELFARE STATES AS AN ANTHROPOLOGIST
MICHAEL SELTZER
Faculty of Social Sciences, Oslo University College

Abstract
This article argues for a greater use of qualitative methods in researching welfare systems.  Tracing some of the main developments of welfare state research in Scandinavia and looking at the social and historical context of this work, it is suggested that the dominant quantitative thrust of research has greatly restricted our understanding of the welfare state.  The article concludes by arguing for combining both qualitative and quantitative approaches in investigating welfare systems, professional helpers and their clients.
Keywords: welfare state, qualitative methods, anthropological research

THE CONCEPT OF SOCIAL POLICY IN CLASSICS OF HUNGARIAN SOCIAL POLICY
MOLNÁR MARGIT
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humanities, University of Pecs

Abstract
The author, based on the works of major figures in the history of social policy discusses main trends in social professions in Hungary until World War II. As a consequence of the current analysis it can be stated that different approaches highlighting various elements of the conflicting needs of the individual and the community may find a common basis in the theory of social justice and moral values. Theorist before World War II continued a dialogue on various perspectives in social policy. This dialogic approach might serve as a lesson for today's professionals.

Keywords: definition of social policy, system of institutions, government interest, state intervention (redistribution), national development, sectors of the policies, social problem

JANUS-FACED HELPING: PARENTAL HELP AS INTERVENTION
ALBERT-LŐRINCZ ENIKŐ
Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Rumania

Abstract
From the perspective of mental health studies it is very important that family members could reflect on the ways they relate to their families and on the ways they can rely on each other as the quality of family life affects its members' health. The current study offers a comprehensive view on how parents relate to and support young families in contemporary Transylvanian society. Support and help are interpreted both as material goods and relational values, referring to the consequences of the Janus-faced nature of help.
The study focuses on the quality of relation to the original family, on the characteristics of relations within the family and on the nature and various forms of supporting and helping the new family.

Keywords: original family, young family, Janus-faced nature of help.

ROOOTS OF AGGRESSION, SCAPEGOATING AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS
BARÁTH ÁRPÁD
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humanities, University of Pecs

Abstract
The problem of bullying in school is rooted in the value system of the dominant culture that expects the person to obey unquestionable authorities, compete for power, and yield to certain ideological-political pressure and manipulations. In bullying, there are no winners - only losers. This problem has not adequately been discussed as most schools are reluctant to admit it although the professional capacity to work out solutions - identifying aggressors and victims and building intervention strategies - is already present.

Keywords: bullying in school, competition, authorities, intervention strategies

ATTITTUDES TO CHANGE IN THE HUNGARIAN CULTURE.
B. ERDŐS MÁRTA
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humanities, University of Pecs

Abstract
The author examines social representations of change in the contemporary Hungarian culture. These representations may significantly influence the effectiveness of work in the helping professions. Social representations are determined by our national history and by  current global problems, especially the ones experienced in western societies. The author, employing the method of computer-aided qualitative data analysis concludes that the solution can only be found on the level of second-order changes: our attitudes to change do not seem to be very adaptive.
Keywords: change, social representation, age of uncertainty, learned helplessness, double bind, CAQDAS

HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE NON-PROFIT SECTOR
GÁBOR JUHÁSZ
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Humanities, University of Pecs

Abstract
In the beginning of the 21st century the social activity of the civil or non-profit organizations is becoming more and more relevant. The specifications 'civil and non-profit' are distinguishable features from the point of their content on the bases of different approaches. The main importance of the civil/ non-profit organizations is to compensate the deficiencies caused by inadequate operation of state support systems and the different pursuits of market participants. These organizations can provide the main conditions for civil self-organization and interest-enforcement processes. They can promote non-profit oriented social innovations and contribute to solving social problems. Civil/ non-profit organizations can produce and reproduce collective goods that can increase social welfare in the society.

Keywords: human resource development, non-profit sector, organizational development.

ETHNICAL-LINGUISTIC CHARACTERISTICS AND FAMILY VALUES IN THE HUNGARIAN MINORITY INSTITUTIONS OF EDUCATION
SZILÁGYI GYÖRGYI - FLÓRA GÁBOR
Partium Christian University, Oradea, Romania

Abstract
This paper is discussing the characteristics of minority education in Hungarian language in Bihor county, a western border region of Romania inhabited by a large number of ethnic Hungarians. Due to the fact that during communist rule the access of national minorities to native language education was more and more restricted, the educational level of Hungarian ethnics today is significantly lower compared to ethnic Romanian population. This situation might be corrected in the future by offering to Hungarians opportunities for attaining a fully fledged education in their native language (from kindergarten to university), which should not reduce, however, their chances of integration and upward mobility within the larger Romanian society.
Keywords: minority education system, multilingualism and multiculturalism in education, parent options concerning the language of teaching, equality  of chances.

Manuscript Submission Guidelines:

The journal publishes in English and in Hungarian. Papers must be original and not currently under review elsewhere. Normally articles will be up to 5000 words including endnotes and references.
Typed double-spaced (12 pt) throughout on one side of A4 white paper, papers should include: (1) Title page (authors\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\' postal/email addresses, tel/fax nos) (2) 2nd page: Abstract (100-150 words) and about six key words (3) Main text: see American Psychological Association Publication Manual (4th ed.) for details. UK or US spelling.
Please email submissions as MS Word or rft attachments to the editors at:
arpad@btk.pte.hu
Arpad Barath, Editor-in-Chief
and copy to:
erdos@btk.pte.hu
Marta B. Erdos
Editorial Board Member

Covering letter: Please attach to every submission a letter confirming that all authors have agreed to the submission and that the article is not currently being considered for publication by any other print or electronic journal. Anonymous peer review is ensured; authors may suggest three possible reviewers.

utoljára frissítve: 2013. szeptember 17. 09:19:50

« vissza